gsthr logo
Quick links to detailed datasheets for Indonesia at

Smoking in Indonesia

There has been an upwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Indonesia. In 2000 the prevalence was estimated to be 32%; this increased to 39% in 2015, with a projection to increase to 43% by 2025. This increase in prevalence has been driven entirely by men's smoking, which increased from 59% to 75% between 2000 and 2015, and is projected to increase further to 83.5% by 2025 according to WHO trend data. Women's smoking during the same period remained low in comparison, at 5% in 2000, 3% in 2015, and is projected to decrease to 2% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.

Read articles from Indonesia

January 31, 2024 by

DENYING THE SCIENCE IN INDONESIA | Featuring Garindra Kartasasmita

Indonesia's recent changes to e-cigarette taxation, which now place e-cigarettes in the same category as combustible tobacco products, have caused uproar amongst retailers and consumers. Garindra Kartasasmita joins us to explain these latest developments, and why the government is dead-set on denying vaping science.

January 04, 2024 by

Indonesia kicks off 2024 with 10% e-cigarette tax to industry opposition

The government rang in the New Year with a 10 percent tax on electronic cigarettes effective as of Jan. 1, a move that comes after years of delay and has sparked opposition from industry players calling for the Finance Ministry to postpone the policy. The tax is calculated based on the excise imposed on electronic cigarettes, also called e-cigarettes or vape, as stipulated in Finance Ministerial Regulation (PMK) No. 143/2023. The ministry said the excise had been implemented in 2018 but that the related tax had not been imposed in line with a 2009 regulation that allowed a five-year transition period, even though the two policies were intended to work in tandem.

January 03, 2024 by

Indonesia to impose new tax on e-cigarettes from Jan 1

Indonesia will impose a new tax on e-cigarettes from Jan 1, adding to an excise tax to help curb vaping, the country's finance ministry said on Saturday (Dec 30). Southeast Asia's largest economy has set the additional tax at 10 per cent of the excise tariff for electronic cigarettes, the ministry said in a statement. "Long-term consumption of electronic cigarettes has been shown to affect people's health," it said, adding the tax on e-cigarettes is also needed to level the playing field with conventional cigarettes.

January 01, 2024 by

Indonesia imposes new tax on e-cigarettes

Indonesia officially imposed a new tax on e-cigarettes on January 1, adding to an excise tax to help curb vaping. Deni Surjantoro, head of the Communication and Information Service Bureau of the Ministry of Finance, said that the purpose of imposing this tax, on top of the excise duties, is to control tobacco consumption among the public. The government had provided a transition period for the collection of taxes on e-cigarettes since the imposition of excise duties in mid-2018, Deni Surjantoro said on December 30.

June 05, 2023 by

Doctors, advocates demand e-cigarette regulation

Doctors and health groups have urged the government to put a stricter regulation against electronic cigarettes in the proposed omnibus bill on health amid growing numbers of users, particularly among young people. Roughly 10 years after e-cigarettes or vapes were first introduced to the Indonesian market, their sale and distribution remain largely unregulated. Indonesia is the only country in the Southeast Asia region that does not implement a specific regulation on the distribution and marketing of e-cigarettes, in marked contrast to Singapore, Cambodia, Brunei and Thailand, which have imposed a complete ban on the products.


May 12, 2023 by

Regulations for Vaping Need to be Tightened - Prof. Dra. Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Gadjah Mada University

The results of a new study point to the serious health dangers posed by e-cigarettes or vapes. That led to the Federal Health Minister announcing new rules that will ban recreational vaping, non-pharmaceutical vape imports and tighter restrictions on the taste and packaging of products. The new regulations would still have to be approved by Parliament before taking effect into law, and the federal government would need help from state and federal counterparts to implement the changes.

Meanwhile, e-cigarette users, or vape is increasing.
In Indonesia the number of users has increased 10-fold in the past decade. [...]

April 06, 2023 by

E-cigarettes pose serious threat to young people: Ministry

Jakarta (ANTARA) - The Health Ministry has warned the public that e-cigarettes or vaping can pose serious threats to the younger generation.

"Vaping is a serious threat to young people in Indonesia. The e-cigarette is not safe for children because it has nicotine and flavorings in the form of aerosols that have seven thousand negative effects," director of prevention and control of non-communicable diseases at the ministry Eva Susanti said here on Wednesday.

During a webinar on “Kolak Ketan 2023,” she explained that e-cigarettes are the same as conventional cigarettes, with equal dangers.

January 26, 2023 by

Government to consider banning e-cigarettes if proven dangerous

Jakarta (ANTARA) - The government is contemplating on prohibiting electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) if found to be harmful to public health, according to Vice President Ma'ruf Amin.

"We will consider (the prohibition of e-cigarettes), but in principle, everything that is dangerous will be prohibited by the government," Amin stated at the University of Indonesia here, Thursday.

The vice president promised that thorough assessment of the effects of e-cigarettes on public health will be conducted before the government takes its decision.

January 11, 2022 by

Smoking electronic cigarettes can be harmful to dental health: Dentist

Smoking electronic cigarettes, or vaping, can cause a decline in oral and dental health, a dental health practitioner, Drg Amalia Rahmaniar Indrati, cautioned.

"Nowadays, e-cigarettes, or vaping, has become a lifestyle, but bear in mind that vaping can have an impact on health," Indrati said here on Tuesday.

Indrati, a dental health practitioner at the Banjarnegara Islamic Hospital, said some research indicated that smoking electronic cigarettes had negative impacts on lung, dental, and oral health.

According to the dentist, oral disorders caused by smoking e-cigarettes, or vaping, may include gum infections, dry mouth, cavities, and yellow teeth.

February 24, 2020 by

Exclusive: Juul halts Indonesia e-cigarette sales, throwing Asia expansion in doubt

Juul Labs Inc is halting sales in Indonesia, citing concerns that it can’t stop retailers from selling its high-nicotine e-cigarettes to young people in a largely unregulated tobacco market. Juul said in a statement that it would suspend Indonesia sales “indefinitely” until it could ensure that online and traditional retailers there will “increase and enforce age restrictions and compliance measures.” The firm’s decision to retreat from the world’s fourth most populous nation - which has not been previously reported - marks a major setback for Juul’s larger plans to expand in Asia. [...]