Smoking in Haiti
There has been a gradual upwards trend in current smoking prevalence in the general population in Haiti. In 2000 the prevalence was estimated to be 11%; this increased to 12% in 2015, with a projection to increase to 14% by 2025. This increase in prevalence has been driven entirely by men's smoking, which increased from 18% to 21.5% between 2000 and 2015, and is projected to increase further to 26% by 2025 according to WHO trend data. Women's smoking during the same period remained low at 5% in 2000, 3% in 2015, and is projected to decrease to 2% by 2025. The WHO published prevalence trend estimates in tobacco smoking, as shown here, in their 2018 2nd edition report, which show slightly different smoking prevalence to the WHO country profiles. Data for the estimates are not age standardised, and were obtained from WHO databases. The trend lines are projections, not predictions, of future attainment. A projection indicates a likely endpoint if the country maintains its tobacco control efforts at the same level that it has implemented them to date. Therefore the impact of recent interventions could alter the expected endpoint shown in the projection. While the methods of estimation used in the first and second editions of the WHO report are the same, the volume of data available for the second edition is larger i.e. 200 more national surveys. The results presented are therefore more robust.
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December 14, 2023 by biomedcentral.comTobacco use in Haiti: findings from demographic and health survey
Although tobacco has harmful effects on the physical and mental health of individuals, its use remains significant, according to the World Health Organization. To understand this phenomenon, studies have been carried out in many countries around the world, while in Haiti where more than 5,000 people die each year due to tobacco use, little is known about the use of this substance. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and the factors associated with tobacco use in Haiti.