Nicotine Science and Policy

By Harry Shapiro Nov. 2, 2023

Harry’s blog 122: Tobacco harm reduction is a human rights issue

A guiding principle of the World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1948, was the universal right to health. Although not expressed in these terms, the implication is that nobody gets left behind even if behaviours which potentially threaten health like illegal drug use and unprotected sex meet with societal disapproval.

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May 28, 2024 by news.com.au

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Young Aussies can buy illicit drugs from their local tobacconist

Selling pouches of addictive, unregulated nicotine linked to heart attacks is illegal in Australia, but an investigation by news.com.au can reveal they’re alarmingly easy to buy. Buying an illicit packet of the nicotine pouches was as simple as walking into the closest Sydney tobacconists and asking, “do you sell nicotine pouches?” The response was a swift “yes”, and out came a small brown box from behind the counter filled with about 10 individual packets of the pouches. “This is all I have at the moment unfortunately,” the store clerk said.



May 28, 2024 by colinmendelsohn.com.au

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Youth vaping – the facts

Youth vaping is under scrutiny by Australian health organizations, highlighting the importance of balancing risks and benefits. While concerns exist, severe harmful effects are rare. Nicotine dependence is low among non-smokers, and vaping is considered less harmful than smoking. Studies show vaping doesn't impair brain function as feared and may divert young people from smoking. To address youth vaping, enforcing strict regulations and promoting education are key. Vaping trends are declining in various countries, and studies suggest vaping isn't a gateway to smoking. Encouraging responsible usage and restricting access to minors are critical in managing youth vaping.


13.00% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 2.6 million current smokers in Australia 15.20% of men are current smokers but only 10.90% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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May 28, 2024 by gfn.tv

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IS THIS REALLY THE PATH TO A SMOKEFREE SPAIN? | Featuring Carmen Escrig

Under Spain's new anti-smoking plan, safer nicotine products will now be equated with smoking in the latest measures to restrict vaping in the country. Joining us today is Carmen Escrig, Coordinator of the Spanish Medical Platform for Tobacco Harm Reduction, who will highlight the pushback against this proposal and the institutional biases that helped create it in the first place.


24.50% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 9.7 million current smokers in Spain.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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May 28, 2024 by medicalxpress.com

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Nicotine use rises among young adults in England, but cigarette smoking continues to decline

A University College London study shows a rise in nicotine use among adults in England due to increased vaping with disposable devices, while smoking rates slightly declined. Vaping particularly surged among young adults, tripling in those aged 18-24, with an increase from 9% to 29% since 2021. Older age groups showed smaller changes in vaping and smoking rates. Concerns over the potential impact on non-smoking young individuals were raised. The study analyzed data from 132,252 adults between 2016 and 2023. Researchers urge balanced policies to address youth vaping without hindering smoking cessation efforts and emphasize the deadliness of smoking compared to potential risks of vaping.



May 28, 2024 by nypost.com

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NYC flooded with illegal flavored vapes from China despite ban to protect kids: study

A study reveals a flood of illegal flavored e-vapes from China in NYC after their ban in 2020 to curb youth addiction. The survey by Atria identified Air Bar Disposable as a popular brand. Despite some enforcement efforts, the illicit market undermines legal vendors like Altria. Experts urge stricter enforcement statewide. Officials criticize lax regulation and hope for stronger enforcement against illegal vapes, citing health risks for young people. FDA warned Chinese firms for unauthorized products. City Hall and Gov. Hochul are investigating to address the issue. Youth e-cig use in New York decreased, but the battle against illegal vapes continues, aiming to protect public health, particularly children.


25.30% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 295.5 million current smokers in China 47.80% of men are current smokers but only 2.10% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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May 27, 2024 by thenightly.com.au

Australia's vaping crisis laid bare as e-cigarette policy firms as looming election battle

Kellyanne Conway's use of "alternative facts" echoes Australia's current vaping crisis. Despite evidence showing failure in the prescription model and ban, young Australians increasingly access vapes illegally. Organized crime profits from a $4 billion industry, impacting 1.5 million vapers. Proposed excise taxes could raise $9-12 billion, potentially curbing addiction and black market sales. Political leaders, like Nationals Leader David Littleproud, are reconsidering policies to address the epidemic. Public opinion favors taxing and regulating vapes like tobacco. Lobbyists suggest redirecting tax revenue to education and law enforcement. The Greens and Coalition are reviewing their stances, aiming to protect children from addiction amid widespread illegal vape availability.



May 27, 2024 by gfn.tv

BLOOMBERG FUNDING IN SPOTLIGHT IN INDIA | Featuring Samrat Chowdhery

When India's government added nicotine replacement therapies to its list of essential medicines, tobacco harm reduction advocates celebrated a win for smokers looking to quit. But was this success short lived, and has India returned to an anti-nicotine frame of mind? Joining us today to discuss India's track record with nicotine is journalist Samrat Chowdhery.


8.10% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 80.5 million current smokers in India 14.40% of men are current smokers but only 1.40% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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May 27, 2024 by miragenews.com

Tasmanian Govt Launches Initiative To Curb Youth E-cigarette Use

A new e-learning resource in Tasmanian schools aims to educate teachers on preventing e-cigarette use. The Vaping, Youth, and Health package offers modules for school staff, interactive classroom tools aligned with the Australian curriculum, and resources for parents. With over 500 deaths annually due to smoking, the Tasmanian Government focuses on reducing smoking rates, especially among youth. Misconceptions about e-cigarettes among young people are addressed, emphasizing their dangers such as corrosive chemicals and nicotine addiction. The initiative supports a healthy future by discouraging early vaping uptake.


13.00% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 2.6 million current smokers in Australia 15.20% of men are current smokers but only 10.90% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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May 27, 2024 by techtimes.com

TikTok is Being Used to Sale E-Cigarettes to Children: Oxford Study

Oxford University's study on TikTok reveals excessive promotion and sale of vaping products, raising concerns about teenage exposure to these items. The research explores the use of social media, particularly TikTok, to market e-cigarettes and identified strategies like bundling products with unrelated items to appeal to minors. With over half of the videos featuring popular vaping brands and inadequate age verification measures, the study emphasizes the need for parental vigilance and regulatory measures. The findings were published in Nicotine & Tobacco Research, addressing the need to tackle the international shipment of these products to evade regulations.


May 27, 2024 by eurekalert.org

Study finds discreet shipping used to sell e-cigarettes to minors

U of A researchers discovered that businesses on TikTok are evading tobacco sale laws by not verify…

May 24, 2024 by medicalxpress.com

How stores use TikTok to sell e-cigarettes to children

A study in Nicotine and Tobacco Research found that vaping products are heavily promoted on TikTok …


18.30% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 48.7 million current smokers in United States 21.60% of men are current smokers but only 15.20% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR


May 27, 2024 by thesun.my

37 Million children aged 13-15 use tobacco because tobacco industry ‘actively targets’ teens: WHO report

The tobacco industry is targeting teens with harmful products like e-cigarettes, leading to an estimated 37 million children aged 13-15 using tobacco worldwide. WHO warns that e-cigarette use among adolescents surpasses that of adults, with alarming rates reported in the European region. Despite progress in tobacco control, the rise of new nicotine products poses a serious threat to youth. WHO Director-General emphasizes the industry's deceptive marketing tactics towards children and urges for strict regulations to prevent harmful addiction. Governments are urged to take immediate action to protect young people from the dangers of tobacco and nicotine products.



Blogs

Harry’s blog 122: Tobacco harm reduction is a human rights issue

A guiding principle of the World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1948, was the universal right to health. Although not expressed in these terms, the implication is that nobody gets left behind even if behaviours which potentially threaten health like illegal drug use and unprotected sex meet with societal disapproval.

Harry’s blog 121: International tobacco control and the search for intelligent life

KAC has published an updated version of our Briefing Paper on the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control’s Conference of the Parties (FCTC COP) meeting due to take place in Panama in November. While a billion people still smoke, the WHO and allies deflect attention away from the failure of traditional tobacco control policies to put a significant dent in death and disease from smoking by instead attacking tobacco harm reduction.

Harry’s blog 120: Bent as a boomerang: vaping politics in Australia.

Dr Colin Mendelsohn is a well-respected tobacco harm reduction expert who wrote an article for the Australian website Education HQ advising schools on strategies to deal with vaping among students. The article was posted then withdrawn. Dr Mendelsohn received an email from the editor saying: “Unfortunately my managing editor has decided we need to unpublish your article for now, I'm terribly sorry. He is working through a concern that's been raised around your relationship with the vape and tobacco industry.”