The WHO reneges on universal health rights for all
On 10th December 2017, the Director General of the WHO Tedros Ghebreyesus released this statement on Human Rights Day. It was headed “Health is a fundamental human right”. He said: “The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition”Read More
IJERPH is now accepting submissions for a special issue on Tobacco Harm Reduction, on research that advances our understanding of the potential place of tobacco harm reduction strategies within a comprehensive approach to reducing the burden of smoking related disease, and that will assist policy makers to determine what level of regulation is most appropriate for potential reduced risk products.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) have run a Q&A via their website on electronic cigarettes. Dr Nick Hopkinson, Reader in Respiratory Medicine at the National Heart and Lung Institute Imperial College London, said: “We know that e-cigarettes are substantially safer than smoking, because the toxic substances present in cigarette smoke are either completely absent, or present at much lower levels. “Evidence from randomised controlled trials shows clearly that e-cigarettes can help smokers to quit. [...]
A recent New York Times editorial about the Food and Drug Administration reflects a systematic weakness at the once-venerable Gray Lady: The members of the editorial board often rely on sloganeering and popular wisdom instead of substantive evidence. The editorial was headlined, “The FDA Is in Trouble. Here’s How to Fix It.” The agency is in trouble. But it’s due to the very kinds of “fixes” the Times recommends. The FDA is highly bureaucratic and risk averse, leading to a slow and expensive drug approval process—at last count, more than $2.5 billion to bring a new drug to market. [...]
Many opponents of vaping think the practice is a big tobacco conspiracy to keep people smoking and hook more kids. The reality is that vaping is a huge and disruptive threat to the tobacco industry. Campaigns against vaping support the cigarette market and are a huge gift to Big Tobacco. For over a century, tobacco companies have run an incredibly lucrative cartel, selling an addictive product. Tobacco stocks have been the best performing segment of the stock market for over a century in spite of all-out tobacco control activities.
A British tobacco advertising ban should be relaxed so that firms can highlight the health benefits of new alternatives to cigarettes, the head of major player Philip Morris International (PMI) has said. Andrè Calantzopoulos said that products such as heated tobacco are much less risky for traditional smokers but it is hard to persuade them to switch due to rules which heavily restrict marketing. Cigarettes must be hidden from view at shops in Britain and sold in plain packets, while tobacco advertising in all forms of media is illegal.
Trump reportedly regrets getting involved with the government's vaping policy. However, the president needs to remember that the law is still the law. Unfortunately, the "vape apocalypse" is mandated by federal law and a federal court. Congress has the power to curtail a vaping prohibition through legislation. What is also unfortunate, is that executive power has exceeded the authority of Congress and the courts, which indirectly makes the president, his cabinet, and the responsible regulators de facto lawmakers.
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also called crib death or cot death, is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant less than one-year-old. There is no exact known cause of SIDS, but a recent study shows that mothers who smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol during pregnancy may have babies with a 12-fold increased risk of SIDS. "Ours is the first large-scale prospective study to closely investigate the association between prenatal alcohol and tobacco exposure and the risk of SIDS. Our findings suggest that combined exposures to alcohol and tobacco have a synergistic effect on SIDS risk, [...]
The rapid pace at which vaping entered mainstream youth culture presented little time for researchers to confidently determine its safety. This lack of certain research often allows for a notion of safety to enter the minds of vape users, even when there might be more harmful consequences. Determining the level of safety when vaping is an ever-evolving question that requires additional research in order to track the long-term effects. [...]
Tobacco smokers are at significantly higher risk than non-smokers for post-surgical complications including impaired heart and lung functions, infections and delayed or impaired wound healing. But new evidence reveals that smokers who quit approximately 4 weeks or more before surgery have a lower risk of complication and better results 6 months afterwards. Patients who quit smoking tobacco are less likely to experience complications with anesthesia when compared to regular smokers.
Over half a billion smokers live in Asia, and Asian countries have some of the highest per capita smoking rates – and some of the highest numbers of smoking-related deaths – in the world.
Given the staggering damage to its citizens’ health that smoking is responsible for you’d think that regional governments would be eagerly embracing any less harmful alternatives such as vapes and heat-not-burn (HNB) devices to encourage people to wean themselves off conventional tobacco