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Health experts want e-cigarette makers to be banned from promoting them in ways that will appeal to children, including naming their products after sweets and using cartoon characters.

Action on Smoking and Health (Ash) and UK public health doctors are urging ministers to outlaw “totally inappropriate marketing techniques” that they fear will lure under-18s into vaping. They are demanding action to stop e-cigarettes and the e-liquids that go into them from being given names such as “bubblegum candy” and “gummy bears”, which are types of confectionery, and using cartoon images such as “slushies”, ice-filled soft drinks popular with children.

 

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The advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, which began in earnest in the United States in early 2020, affected different demographic groups in different ways. According to a new study, among adolescents ages 10 to 14 in the United State, the overall rate of drug use remained relatively stable in the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, one change was a decreased use of alcohol, but an increased use of nicotine and misuse of prescription drugs. "The COVID-19 pandemic has produced sustained disruptions to several domains of adolescents' lives, including alcohol and drug use," said first author William Pelham III [...]

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For people who want to stop or reduce their smoking and have previously been unable to do so using conventional treatments, e-cigarettes are much more effective than nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT), according to new research.

study published in Addiction assessed the efficacy of e-cigs compared to NRT among smokers who had tried previous treatments, including NRT. It was conducted as a follow-up to an earlier study by many of the same researchers, which found vapes to be more effective than NRT for smoking cessation among people who hadn’t previously tried any treatments.

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Youth wellbeing in Canada has seen a decline in recent years. The staggering numbers demonstrate that the perceived mental health with a mention of poor/fair more than doubled in 2018 for youth. While proponents of flavour restrictions often cite surveys finding that some youth indicate flavours are a reason for use, they ignore the same survey data which indicates mental health is a driving force. Canadian youth have been vocal regarding their mental health and the need for counseling, and through forward-thinking studies, it’s becoming apparent that their requests are valid and pressing.

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A new research by the Coalition of Asia Pacific Tobacco Harm Reduction Advocates has confirmed that several non-government organizations were among those which received millions of dollars from the anti-tobacco Bloomberg and Gates foundations to lobby the government for a ban on vaping in the Philippines. “These foundations dismiss compelling international scientific evidence and apply bullying tactics to unduly influence the public health policies of sovereign nations. [...]

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A study of more than 35,000 smokers has found that women smoke fewer cigarettes than men but are less likely to quit. The research is presented at ESC Congress 2021. "In our study, women who used smoking cessation services had higher rates of overweight or obesity, depression, and anxiety compared to men and kicked the habit less often. Our findings highlight the need to provide smoking cessation interventions tailored to the needs of women."

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The role of e-cigarettes, or nicotine
vaping products, in tobacco control
has been controversial from the outset.
Early divisions among public health
experts led to polarized coverage in the
media, confused messages to the public,
and inconsistent policymaking between
jurisdictions. For many authorities in the
United States, the potential health
harms of e-cigarettes and youth-vaping
concerns were overriding considerations. For others (most notably in the
United Kingdom), those risks have been
balanced more explicitly against the
potential benefits for smokers of easy
access to nicotine vaping products. [...]

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E-cigarettes are not associated with increased heart attack incidence among people without a history of smoking combustible cigarettes, according to a new study. It found previous research claiming such a link to be methodologically flawed. [...] “Among never-smokers, the use of electronic cigarettes is not associated with an increased risk of having a heart attack,” Dr. Michael Siegel, a community health sciences professor at Boston University and one of the authors of the new study, told Filter.

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Smoking marijuana is now nearly as common among the American population as smoking cigarettes. That is the conclusion of a new Gallup survey, which found that 49% of Americans now admit to using marijuana. This is the highest proportion ever recorded by the organization in more than 50 years of surveying the population about cannabis.

“More than 50 years ago, just 4% said they had tried the drug,” Gallup reports. The percentage increased to 30% between 1970 and 1985, then it remained in the 30s until 2015. After stagnating for 30 years, the percentage of adults who tried marijuana quickly increased to nearly 50% in the last 6 years.

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Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products are novel battery-operated devices that deliver nicotine without combustion of tobacco. Because cigarette smoking is sustained by nicotine addiction and the toxic combustion products are mainly responsible for the harmful effects of smoking, ENDS could be used to promote smoking cessation while exposing users to lower levels of toxicants compared with conventional cigarettes. The currently available evidence from clinical and observational studies indicates a potential role of e-cigarettes as smoking cessation aids, [...]

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“One American Journal of Public Health article is proving to be a watershed moment in the vape debate. It has singularly pushed the World Health Organization to the complete outer when it comes to considered international opinion and research,” says Nancy Loucas, Executive Coordinator of the Coalition of Asia Pacific Tobacco Harm Reduction Advocates (CAPHRA). CAPHRA’s comments follow 15 past Presidents of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) publishing an article titled ‘Balancing Consideration of the Risks and Benefits of E-Cigarettes’ in the AJPH.

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Aerosol generated from vaping devices likely impairs blood vessels' ability to function comparable to traditional cigarette smoke, according to preliminary research in rats presented at the American Heart Association's Basic Cardiovascular Sciences Scientific Sessions 2021. [...] Researchers investigated the impact of aerosols generated from a range of vaping devices on the function of the endothelium, which is a thin membrane lining the inside of the heart and blood vessels. The endothelium is a layer of endothelial cells that produce substances that help control blood clotting, blood pressure levels and immune function and help keep blood vessels healthy. [...]

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The global COVID-19 pandemic has forced many people to live in relative isolation for more than a year. As adolescents return to school, public health experts caution parents to pay close attention to signs of tobacco use among teens. While there has been a decline in smoking traditional cigarettes among youth as well as adults, e-cigarette use continues to increase. "Youth have gone through a rollercoaster of changes during the last year and a half during the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic. These dramatic and persistent changes take a toll and can cause anxiety, depression and stress that lead many to cope through smoking," said Theodore Wagener, [...]

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On Aug. 18, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas issued an order further postponing the effective date of the FDA’s graphic cigarette health warning rule by another 90 days from July 13, 2022, to Oct. 11, 2022.

In addition, the order also states that “any other obligation to comply with a deadline tied to the effective date of the rule” is also postponed for an additional 90 days. Based on this additional language in the order, the FDA should be issuing a guidance announcement also postponing for another 90 days the preferred filing deadline for manufacturers, wholesalers [...]

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[...] the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued the first marketing denial orders (MDOs) for electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products after determining the applications for about 55,000 flavored ENDS products from three applicants lacked sufficient evidence that they have a benefit to adult smokers sufficient to overcome the public health threat posed by the well-documented, alarming levels of youth use of such products. The products from JD Nova Group LLC, Great American Vapes, and Vapor Salon subject to this action are non-tobacco-flavored ENDS and they include flavors such as Apple Crumble, Dr. Cola and Cinnamon Toast Cereal.

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In a new paper, the most influential tobacco control experts in the country have come together to endorse the harm reduction benefits of vaping for adult smokers, calling for the rehabilitation of its public image and emphasizing its ability to save lives as a safer alternative to combustible cigarettes. The publication represents the most organized and explicit call-out by such scholars to date. “Our concern is that much of the public health community—certainly the media, and very much legislators—haven’t really heard the other side of the story,” Warner told Filter. [...]

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Earlier this month, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tweeted about the dangers of nicotine pouches, a fairly new reduced-risk nicotine product.

The pouches are small bags of food-grade powder infused with nicotine. They’re placed under the lip, where the nicotine is absorbed into the user’s gum. Even though they have only been on the US market for about two or three years, public health groups seem to be developing a growing distaste for them.

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Vaping for a short period of time causes immediate harmful physiological changes that can lead to chronic diseases, such as lung disease and cancer, according to a new UCLA study.

The study published Aug. 9 found that puffing on a vaping device for 30 minutes causes a measurable increase in the oxidative stress levels of nonhabitual e-cigarette or tobacco cigarette users. Oxidative stress is a well-known risk factor for heart disease, lung disease, cancer and accelerated aging, according to Dr. Holly Middlekauff, one of the authors of the study and a professor of medicine in the cardiology division at the David Geffen School of Medicine.

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England saw a rise in young adults taking up smoking during the first lockdown, according to a study.

The number of 18 to 34-year-olds who classed themselves as smokers increased by a quarter, from 21.5% to 26.8%, says Cancer Research UK.

The data does not explain why the changes occurred but experts believe many turned to cigarettes in response to stress.

At the same time, heavy drinking increased across adults of all ages.

The findings, published in the journal Addiction, come from monthly surveys, each involving hundreds of people, about tobacco and alcohol use.

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India has the second-largest tobacco-using population in the world and the consumption of different forms of tobacco has only resulted in fatal diseases. According to National Cancer Registry Programme, the use of tobacco led to over 27 percent of cancer cases in the country in 2020, and the number is expected to increase by 12 percent by the year 2025. Combustible cigarettes have been considered the most harmful products because more than 7000 chemicals are present in cigarette smoke, of which more than 70 are linked to cancer.