Tuberculosis (TB) and tobacco use are currently two formidable public health concerns and independently pose a considerable threat to global health, and India in particular. With nearly 2.6 million TB patients annually, India is the highest tuberculosis burden-country accounting for one-fourth (26 percent) of the global incidence. Every year, around a quarter of a million people die due to TB in India. That is 2 deaths due to TB every 5 minutes. Also, with over 260 million tobacco users, India has over a quarter of the world’s tobacco consumers. Tobacco use kills nearly a million users annually in India.