Nicotine Science and Policy

By Harry Shapiro Nov. 2, 2023

Harry’s blog 122: Tobacco harm reduction is a human rights issue

A guiding principle of the World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1948, was the universal right to health. Although not expressed in these terms, the implication is that nobody gets left behind even if behaviours which potentially threaten health like illegal drug use and unprotected sex meet with societal disapproval.

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April 12, 2024 by trend.az

Uzbekistan plans to ban e-cigarettes, tobacco heating systems

Uzbekistan's Ministry of Health plans to ban electronic nicotine delivery systems, including e-cigarettes, and tobacco heating systems. The draft law aims to prohibit their circulation in the country, with proposed penalties ranging from a $1,000 fine to five years of imprisonment for violations. Despite this, Uzbekistan's tobacco production reached 2.1 billion pieces in the first two months of 2024. Tobacco exports amounted to $7.8 million, with imports totaling $10.5 million during the same period.


10.60% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 2.5 million current smokers in Uzbekistan 20.60% of men are current smokers but only 1.00% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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April 12, 2024 by youtube.com

My evidence at the NSW Parliamentary Inquiry into Vaping, 12 April 2024

I gave evidence at the NSW Parliamentary Inquiry into vaping today. The myths and rampant misinformation being fed to the Inquiry are breathtaking. I tried to introduce the actual evidence and explained that vaping is beneficial overall to public health. Key message: The NSW Parliament must decide whether to allow the current failed model to continue under criminal control or to take control and regulate the market.


13.00% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 2.6 million current smokers in Australia 15.20% of men are current smokers but only 10.90% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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April 12, 2024 by jamanetwork.com

Bolstering FDA Pathways for Reducing Death and Disease from Tobacco

The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act has led to a 26% decrease in cigarette use since 2009. The FDA plays a crucial role in enforcing the law to promote public health, but the slowdown in smoking decline poses challenges. FDA-approved nicotine products like gums and patches aid cessation. The Modified Risk Tobacco Product pathway allows for less harmful alternatives, but balancing benefits for smokers and risks for youth is essential. FDA must address backlogs in product applications to regulate and enforce marketing restrictions effectively. Implementing the TCA fully, including regulating nicotine levels in cigarettes, is crucial for combating addiction and reducing smoking-related harm.



April 12, 2024 by tobaccoreporter.com

Video: FDA Urged to Prioritize Access to Safer Alternatives

Consumer advocates criticized the FDA for failing to provide safer nicotine alternatives in a House Oversight hearing. The agency's slow approval process leaves adult consumers with limited options to transition from cigarettes. Only a few products have been authorized out of over 26 million applications, causing concerns about pushing consumers towards the illicit market. Urgent action is needed to prioritize access to scientifically validated alternatives like e-cigarettes. Philip Morris International also called for a transparent regulatory pathway that supports harm reduction principles.


18.30% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 48.7 million current smokers in United States 21.60% of men are current smokers but only 15.20% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR


April 11, 2024 by convenience.org

Clearing Up Misperceptions About Fourth-Tier Cigarettes

Fourth-tier cigarettes, experiencing growth, defy industry trends. Ernie Teague of Cheyenne International suggests retailers reassess this category. NACS data shows 1% growth amidst a 3.2% decline. Teague challenges misconceptions of quality vs. value. Consumers seek affordability without sacrificing taste and consistency. Retailers can tailor offerings to diverse budgets. Partnering with value providers ensures reliable compliance and promotions. Cheyenne International aids retailers with marketing programs. Fresh approaches to merchandising can enhance visibility.



April 11, 2024 by daytondailynews.com

VOICES: Menthol and flavored nicotine products has devastating effects on vulnerable communities

Our elected state legislators did the unthinkable. On December 14, 2023, Ohio GOP lawmakers decided to add a provision to a bill to prevent any community in Ohio from regulating vaping, smoking, and other nicotine product use and sales. The City of Columbus had just passed a menthol and flavor ban. There were community meetings to hear testimony from both sides. I was asked to testify at several of those meetings. One was so contentious, that when leaving, several Columbus policemen asked to escort me to my car.


18.30% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 48.7 million current smokers in United States 21.60% of men are current smokers but only 15.20% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR


April 11, 2024 by pewresearch.org

9 facts about Americans and marijuana

Marijuana legalization is gaining support in the U.S., with around 90% favoring legalization for medical or recreational use. Views vary by age, political party, and race. Support for legalization has increased over the years, with economic and criminal justice benefits being considered. Most Americans also support easing penalties for marijuana-related offenses. Currently, 24 states and D.C. allow recreational and medical use, while another 14 permit medical use only. About 54% of Americans live where recreational and/or medical marijuana is legal. In total, there are almost 15,000 marijuana dispensaries nationwide, with states like California and Colorado having the largest number.


18.30% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 48.7 million current smokers in United States 21.60% of men are current smokers but only 15.20% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR


April 11, 2024 by theguardian.com

Menthol cigarettes are killing Black Americans. Advocates are suing the government to change that

Aggressive tobacco marketing of menthol cigarettes to Black communities led to high addiction rates and premature deaths. Despite FDA attempts to ban menthol and potential life-saving benefits, tobacco lobbies delayed the process for years. The ban could prevent hundreds of thousands of smoking-related deaths. Advocates stress the urgency to implement the ban as nearly all smokers start in adolescence, with menthol cigarettes being more addictive. The exemption of menthol flavor from a 2009 law has contributed to increased menthol smoking, particularly among young adults and minorities. Delaying the ban continues to have deadly consequences.


18.30% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 48.7 million current smokers in United States 21.60% of men are current smokers but only 15.20% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR


April 11, 2024 by bbc.com

'Zombie' drug xylazine found in cannabis THC vapes in UK

People using cannabis THC vapes risk inhaling a very dangerous substance called xylazine, UK experts warn after discovering some confiscated products contained the "zombie" drug. It is "alarming" to find it in "even a few" illicit e-cigarettes that many think are pretty harmless, experts say. Dr Caroline Copeland and colleagues from King's College London say new types of illicit xylazine products are now entering the UK market. As well as risky vapes, they found tablets being sold as codeine and diazepam, or Valium, that contained xylazine.


12.90% of the adult population are current smokers. There are approximately 7.2 million current smokers in United Kingdom 14.60% of men are current smokers but only 11.20% of women.
SOURCE: GSTHR

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April 11, 2024 by youtube.com

The Rise of Zyn: The Oral Nicotine Pouch Going Viral | WSJ

The oral nicotine product Zyn has skyrocketed in sales and popularity in recent years, shifting the landscape of the U.S. tobacco market. This remarkable growth has thrust Zyn into a culture war, with Sen. Chuck Schumer calling for a federal crackdown on the flavored pouches and Tucker Carlson becoming an unofficial Zyn spokesman. WSJ explores what we can learn about Zyn when we test it in a lab and how transformative the product could be for the tobacco industry.



Blogs

Harry’s blog 122: Tobacco harm reduction is a human rights issue

A guiding principle of the World Health Organization (WHO) established in 1948, was the universal right to health. Although not expressed in these terms, the implication is that nobody gets left behind even if behaviours which potentially threaten health like illegal drug use and unprotected sex meet with societal disapproval.

Harry’s blog 121: International tobacco control and the search for intelligent life

KAC has published an updated version of our Briefing Paper on the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control’s Conference of the Parties (FCTC COP) meeting due to take place in Panama in November. While a billion people still smoke, the WHO and allies deflect attention away from the failure of traditional tobacco control policies to put a significant dent in death and disease from smoking by instead attacking tobacco harm reduction.

Harry’s blog 120: Bent as a boomerang: vaping politics in Australia.

Dr Colin Mendelsohn is a well-respected tobacco harm reduction expert who wrote an article for the Australian website Education HQ advising schools on strategies to deal with vaping among students. The article was posted then withdrawn. Dr Mendelsohn received an email from the editor saying: “Unfortunately my managing editor has decided we need to unpublish your article for now, I'm terribly sorry. He is working through a concern that's been raised around your relationship with the vape and tobacco industry.”