At least in the United States and Australia, the systems of government are similar. Barring parliament and constitutional monarchism, both Australia and the United States share legislative and constitutional prerogatives that emulate ruling formats like the separation of powers, the independence of the judiciary, and the importance of public comment phases for new and proposed regulations. Consider some international comparisons between the US, Britain, New Zealand, and Australia.
This paper aims to investigate the extent to which three subgroups – people with mental
health conditions, people belonging to sexual minority and gender groups and Indigenous peoples –
have been ‘‘left behind’’ by countries implementing the World Health Organization’s Framework
Convention on Tobacco Control. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of
Noncommunicable Diseases 2013–2020 target is to reduce the prevalence of current
tobacco use by 30% in persons aged 15 and older between 2010 and 2025 [...]
[...] the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued warning letters notifying ten companies, including Cool Clouds Distribution Inc. (doing business as Puff Bar), to remove their flavored disposable e-cigarettes and youth-appealing e-liquid products from the market because they do not have the required premarket authorization. These new actions are part of the FDA’s ongoing, aggressive effort to act against illegally marketed tobacco products amid the public health crisis of youth e-cigarette use in America. The agency is particularly concerned about the appeal of flavored, [...]
IQOS has been said to mean "I quit ordinary smoking." From a technical point of view, IQOS heats a cartridge made of tobacco sheet, nicotine compounds and glycerin to generate aerosol. Its taste is similar to that of ordinary cigarettes, but the harm of smoke is reduced by more than 90%.
IUOC means "I use ordinary cigarettes." The latest zebra heating technology is applied in this device. It makes smoke from ordinary cigarettes in the way of heating and not burning. IUOC produces the same free-state nicotine as that produced by lighting cigarettes. [...]
Many New Mexico teenagers have stopped cigarette smoking but have taken up vaping, erasing progress anti-tobacco advocates said they achieved in getting high school students to avoid using traditional tobacco, a state analysis said. The survey found overall use of tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, among young people has increased by 23% since 2009, with 37.8% of high school students saying they use some form of tobacco.
Smoking cessation initiatives notwithstanding, along with provocative public health campaigns and clinical guidance, quitting tobacco has remained elusive for many smokers. The American Thoracic Society's new clinical practice guideline on treatment for tobacco dependence in adults addresses how clinicians may deal with patients' reluctance to quit, one of a number of issues not previously assessed in the older guidelines.
The study titled, “Benefits of e-cigarettes in smoking reduction and in pulmonary health among chronic smokers undergoing a lung cancer screening program at 6 months,” was conducted with the aim of determining whether e-cigarettes may be considered valid and safe in supporting smoking cessation, and assess their effects on pulmonary function by noting differences in conditions such as coughs, shortness of breath and so forth, which are common in smokers.
States across the United States misuse funds that are extracted from a landmark, multi-jurisdiction legal settlement reached with tobacco companies in November of 1998.
Attorneys general for 46 states, Washington, D.C., the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico entered into the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (MSA).
The settlement promises the federal and state governments billions in per year restitution to fund anti-tobacco efforts and promote public health.
“Combustion is the issue, not nicotine,” said Philip Morris International Chief Executive Officer André Calantzopoulos while referring to the recent US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) authorization to market IQOS as a Modified Risk Tobacco Product (MRTP) with reduced exposure claims.
During a virtual press briefing held recently, Calantzopoulos said the US FDA “recognizes that better alternatives do exist because they are all non-combustibles. It articulates very clearly, combustion is the issue.”
Fewer Australians are smoking tobacco daily, while more are vaping and using e-cigarettes, results from the latest National Drug Strategy Household Survey found, with e-cigarette use among non-smokers aged 18 to 24 years quadrupling in six years. The director of centre operations at Melbourne University’s Centre for Behaviour Change, Dr Michelle Jongenelis, said the increased e-cigarette use among Australians was “very concerning”.
“Although marketed as a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes, e-cigarettes are not harmless and there are significant health risks associated with their use,” she said. [...]
The purpose of this paper is to review the barriers in the dissemination of effective smoking cessation treatments and services globally. Offering tobacco users help to stop using tobacco is a key demand reduction measure outlined under Article 14 of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Implementing Article 14 can reap great dividends for the billion plus tobacco users around the world and their families, friends and societies.
The Aotearoa Vapers Community Advocacy (AVCA) has written to New Zealand’s Associate Health Minister, Jenny Salesa, urging her to reject inaccurate claims by the World Health Organisation (WHO) on smoke-free nicotine products. “As the Government is sending delegates to COP9, and as consumers’ rights to choose to use less harmful products to switch from smoking remain under tremendous threat from FCTC’s continuing failure to address scientific evidence, democratic processes and human rights, we respectfully request that you share with us the details of our nation’s position [...]
According to a recently published national survey, a growing proportion of Australians support the legalisation of recreational cannabis. The country’s National Drug Strategy Household Survey for 2019 also revealed that almost two-thirds of Australians would back the introduction of pill testing. The findings reflect a general trend towards more liberal drug control measures in the country. In 2019, the Australian Capital Territory passed legislation to legalise the possession, use, and cultivation of limited quantities of cannabis. However, the sale of the drug remains prohibited.
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have conducted a study showing that both smoking and the use of e-cigarettes containing nicotine and flavorings may critically exacerbate inflammation in cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and significantly worsen clinical outcomes. “Our study has demonstrated that tobacco and flavored or nicotine-containing e-cig use could both lead to increased inflammatory response, but only tobacco upregulates ACE2,” write Weg Ongkeko (University of California) and colleagues.
KT&G is maintaining its silence on e-cigarette and e-liquid companies' battle against the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, showing a stark contrast to their efforts to convince the regulator that e-cigarettes are less harmful than burning tobacco.
Industry officials claimed KT&G is refraining from joining the e-cigarette companies' crusade, despite its sizable share in the domestic heated tobacco market and its status as the largest tobacco company in the country, because the company is wary of publicly challenging the government.
Islamabad : Use of Electronic cigarettes, commonly known as e-cigarettes and vaping devices, are on the rise among the youth of Pakistan, which leads to a new epidemic of tobacco addiction. This was stated by Azhar Saleem, CEO, Human Development Foundation (HDF), in online media session. He said e-cigarettes are promoted as a safe alternative option compared to traditional cigarette for quitting smoking. However, the irony is that instead of being an aid for quitting smoking, it has resulted in shifting from one vice to another that too on a higher scale.
This paper aims to overview the need for tobacco harm reduction, the consumer products that facilitate tobacco harm reduction and the barriers to its implementation. The worldwide endemic of tobacco smoking results in the death of over seven million smokers a year. Cigarette quit rates are very low, from 3%–12%, and relapse rates are high, from 75%–80% in the first six months and 30%– 40% even after one year of abstinence. In addition, some smokers do not desire to quit. Cigarette substitution in tobacco harm reduction is one strategy that may reduce the burden of morbidity and mortality.
The number of Queenslanders who smoke has continued to drop but the number of those who vape has gone up, according to figures from Australia’s peak health data body.
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has released its latest report into recreational drug use, showing how legal and illicit drugs are being used across the country, as well as people’s attitudes towards them. The analysis of people aged 14 or over found the proportion of daily smokers in Queensland fell by about one-third between 2001 and 2019, from 21 per cent of the population to 13.5 per cent.
Governments worldwide should not ban alternative smoking products, or they will miss an "enormous" opportunity to phase out traditional cigarettes, tobacco giant Philip Morris warned.
This came as the US Food and Drug Administration gave the company approval last week to market its four heat-not-burn tobacco devices as "modified risk tobacco products."
Philip Morris International chief executive Andre Calantzopoulos called the authorization a "historical moment" for public health.
"For so many years, tobacco control policies have focused on restrictive measures in order to convince people to quit [smoking]," he said, [...]