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Walking through rural Indonesia, it's not uncommon to see primary school children smoking cigarettes. It's just one part of an epidemic in a country where nearly 70 per cent of all men and one in five children aged between 13 and 15 smoke, according to official data.

Indonesia has one of the highest smoking rates in the world and a tobacco industry that continues to thrive as the number of smokers decreases globally.

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"Electronic cigarettes may soon become much more widely available in the world's largest tobacco market: The People's Republic of China. With over 300 million smokers, China has the world's largest smoking population - which directly results in approximately 1 million deaths annually." While the global e-cigarette market has experienced rapid growth over the last decade, reduced-harm products have only recently started becoming popular domestically, despite the fact that the modern e-cigarette was invented in China, and the vast majority of e-cigarette devices exported around the world are manufactured in Shenzhen.

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Menthol is a compound with a cooling, minty taste and odor. It is found in peppermint and other mint varieties. It can be organically or synthetically produced.

Menthol is an ingredient incorporated in a wide range of products we use almost everyday. It can be found in cosmetics, lozenges, toothpaste, liqueur, cigarettes and a whole lot more.

Using menthol containing products is believed to  be beneficial. Find out if it can really be good or not.

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The 75 million British pounds that imperial will invest is convertible into a 19.9 percent stake in Auxly over a three-year term. This will grant Auxly global licences to Imperial’s vaping technology and access to its brand, Nerudia. The transaction between the two business is expected to be concluded by the third quarter of 2019, and will build on Imperial’s initial entry into the cannabis market in June 2018, when it bought a stake in Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies (OCT). “Diversifying our NGP portfolio with this investment provides Imperial with further options for future growth and builds on last year’s investment in Oxford Cannabinoid Technologies,” said Imperial’s Chief Development Officer, Matthew Phillips. RTT News reported that Imperial Brands aims to accelerate the delivery of Auxly’s business plan ahead of regulatory change to the Canadian cannabis market, in October 2019.

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Health groups on Monday said there is no scientific evidence to support claims that e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products are safe.

“Even in the UK, where e-cigarettes are heavily promoted, no public health authority has claimed that these products are safe. The public and public servants in a position to protect public health must be fully apprised of the risks inherent to vaping,” Dr. Ulysses Dorotheo, Executive Director of Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA) said in a statement.

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JUUL Labs has racked up billions of dollars in sales in recent years with a product that is supposedly a healthier alternative to cigarettes, one that could help people addicted to nicotine kick the habit. But the San Francisco vape brand, which sold a 35 percent stake to Altria Group (parent company to Philip Morris USA) last December, has also been accused of intentionally targeting kids and others with candy-like flavors and a sleek, smokeless device you can charge on your laptop. Enter Jeffrey Wigand, the former top tobacco company scientist-turned-whistleblower whose crusade against Philip Morris and other firms was dramatized in the chilling 1999 movie The Insider. In an interview with VICE, Wigand revealed for the first time that he has been working actively behind the scenes to support the nation's first e-cig sales ban in San Francisco—and to take on Juul in fights across the country, including in Washington, where it has assembled a star-studded lobbying operation (..)

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The Mexican Supreme Court in August ordered the Health Ministry to publish guidelines for medicinal cannabis use within 180 days.

Last October, the court also ruled that the prohibition of personal use, possession and private cultivation of cannabis is unconstitutional because it violates “the fundamental right to the free development of the personality.” In Mexico, such rulings do not automatically extend to everyone, though they often prod Congress to change laws.

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A recovering cigarette smoker finds herself in a place that triggers strong associations with smoking and is sorely tempted to light up. But what if artificial intelligence could become an effective partner with would-be quitters, identifying environments predictive of smoking and intervening in the nick of time to nip that craving in the bud? A study has found a deep learning approach may be able to do that, recognizing locations predictive of smoking and triggering "just-in-time adaptive cessation interventions." It could also help optimize smokers' environments during cessation attempts and, more broadly, analyze the environmental stimuli of other behaviors that need modification. The deep-learning approach successfully differentiated environments that participants designated as smoking or nonsmoking with a mean area under the curve (AUC) of 0.840 (standard deviation, 0.024) (accuracy 76.5%; standard deviation 1.6%), a performance comparable to that of human smoking-cessation experts.

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A New Zealand academic has challenged the World Health Organisation's criticism that e-cigarettes are just as harmful as smoking, arguing that the approach will only protect the cigarette trade and do more harm than good.

The WHO recently warned that e-cigarettes are harmful to people's health as they contain addictive liquids with toxic substances. The organisation also says the devices are opening the door to addiction for youth, blaming the aggressive push for vaping products from big tobacco over the past few years.

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"Concerns that aim to protect non-users are often more influential in driving policy changes than evidence that points to a benefit for smokers. And, this will only result in policies that aim to restrict the availability of e-cigarettes, even as it places many current smokers at the considerable risk of continued smoking. It is therefore of the utmost importance that the most recent and robust research and evidence is considered when proposing actions that may have potential to act as a harm reduction tool for both current and future smokers."

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Innovative individuals in the Asia-Pacific region, home to the largest population of smokers, have an opportunity to end the smoking epidemic by improving the technologies to deliver nicotine in a much less hazardous and more affordable way, according to experts [...]
“We have the ability to use business and create regulatory incentives to change the [tobacco] market. We have tremendous opportunity to do really amazing things,” David Sweanor, an adjunct professor of law at the University of Ottawa, says [...]

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The Food and Drug Administration is investigating 127 cases of people suffering from seizures after vaping, the agency announced Wednesday. The agency received about 92 new reports of people, especially kids and young adults, experiencing seizures after using e-cigarettes since it first announced its investigation into the issue in April. The FDA said it’s unclear whether e-cigarettes caused the seizures and cautioned these cases occurred over a 10-year period. When the FDA announced its investigation in the spring, it asked for people to let the agency know if they had ever experienced this. The FDA on Wednesday again encouraged people to report if they had seizures after vaping.

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Despite medical cannabis now being legal on the NHS, a limited number of prescriptions have been granted since the law change and some parents are having to pay thousands for import licences and private prescriptions. An NHS England review has blamed the lack of prescriptions on concerns about both the potential harm to mental health and effectiveness of medical cannabis. It said more clinical trials need to be carried out and a "UK-wide paediatric specialist clinical network" should be created to help “very cautious” doctors, by providing expert advice on complex cases. The "forward-looking and positive review" was welcomed by the Medical Cannabis Clinicians Society (MCCC), whose executive director Hannah Deacon spoke to ITV News about the issue. Her eight-year-old son Alfie Dingley, who suffers from severe epilepsy, was the first of a handful of patients in the UK to receive an NHS prescription for medical cannabis, despite rule changes last year allowing doctors to prescribe it.

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The study titled, “Tobacco‐21 laws and young adult smoking: quasi‐experimental evidence,” was published in Addiction. The researchers compared the smoking rates of people aged 18, 20, 21 and 22, across U.S. communities where the legal age to smoke is 18, to areas where it has been raised to 21. The compiled data indicated that in areas where the age limit is 21, the 18 to 20 group was less likely to smoke (..)

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Since July, a cluster of 15 cases of severe lung problems requiring hospitalization has emerged in the Midwest. All patients were teens or young adults, and all reported recent vaping. As of today, the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS), in Madison, said it was studying 12 confirmed respiratory cases, and 13 more are under investigation. So far, the affected counties are Dodge, Door, Racine, Walworth, Waukesha, and Winnebago. Patients experienced a plethora of symptoms, the agency reports, including shortness of breath, fatigue, chest pain, cough, anorexia, nausea, diarrhea, and weight loss, with symptoms worsening over days or weeks before requiring admission to hospital. Physicians aren't sure what's causing the severe symptoms but point to a combination of patient age and contents in the e-cigarette vapor as potential factors.

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As the popularity of e-cigarettes has surged in recent years, so has the public’s confusion over the health risks these products pose. Last year, more than 10 million American adults used e-cigarettes, or “vaped,” and e-cigarette use has rapidly grown among teens. Meanwhile, some surveys indicate that the majority of Americans believe e-cigarettes are as harmful as combustible cigarettes, with an additional 10 percent believing e-cigarettes are more dangerous than combustible cigarettes. In addition, the share of Americans with these beliefs has grown sharply in recent years.

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Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world. The vast majority of cases are head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), a type of cancer that arises in the outer layer of the skin and mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and throat. Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for developing the disease and reduces treatment effectiveness. Now Thomas Jefferson University researchers studying the effects of cigarette smoke on tumor progression show that cigarette smoke reprograms the cells surrounding the cancer cells, and helps drive HNSCC aggressiveness. The results were published online in the journal Molecular Cancer Research.

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South Australian smokers are being encouraged to not let the smoke in and quit smoking for good, with the launch of a new anti-smoking campaign today. Minister for Health and Wellbeing Stephen Wade said for the first time, the State Government has developed, created and produced the campaign advertisements here in South Australia. “Tobacco smoking remains the largest single risk-factor of preventable illness and disease in Australia and is the leading cause of all forms of cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases,” Minister Wade said. “The first of two new ads will be airing from tomorrow, in a bid to encourage smokers to reflect on their smoking behaviours and take the first steps towards living a healthy, smoke-free life. “We know that anti-smoking campaigns have been effective in reducing daily smoking rates, so we are hopeful that by tailoring these campaigns for a South Australian audience, we see a significant decrease in the number of South Australian smokers.”

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The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is responsible for the regulation of tobacco and nicotine products. As a part of its purview of enforcement, the FDA has a statutory responsibility to prevent youth initiation of tobacco products like cigarettes and vapes. While the mission is noble and has some success, the hard truth that remains centers on the uncanny ability of minors to access age-restricted products. Older teenagers (late high school, early college), for instance, are more likely to engage in what some would consider age-inappropriate activities that carry certain associated personal health risks with them. These activities include, naturally, the use of tobacco or nicotine, using marijuana, underage drinking and sexual activity.

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The government of India continues to go strong against e-cigarette companies. It has not only made their entry and sale in India challenging, but is now also clamping down on any possibility of research on e-cigarettes. The National Board of Examinations (NBE) has issued a circular asking medical institutions to exercise restraint on any research on electronic nicotine delivery devices (ENDS). This is the second such communication from the Central government advising restraint on the issue. As The Wire reported in May, the Union health ministry issued another circular to at least 35 government institutions, which also asked them to conduct a “prior consultation” before organising research or workshops on ENDS. The NBE’s circular has been addressed to all accredited hospitals, institutions and colleges. There are over 600 accredited hospitals around the country.

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