The government of India continues to go strong against e-cigarette companies. It has not only made their entry and sale in India challenging, but is now also clamping down on any possibility of research on e-cigarettes. The National Board of Examinations (NBE) has issued a circular asking medical institutions to exercise restraint on any research on electronic nicotine delivery devices (ENDS). This is the second such communication from the Central government advising restraint on the issue. As The Wire reported in May, the Union health ministry issued another circular to at least 35 government institutions, which also asked them to conduct a “prior consultation” before organising research or workshops on ENDS. The NBE’s circular has been addressed to all accredited hospitals, institutions and colleges. There are over 600 accredited hospitals around the country.