Tobacco smoking rates present a challenge for Europe as rates for the adult population are the highest of the six WHO regions though the figures varied between countries and age groups. WHO estimates (based on data from 45 coun-tries) show the age-standardized prevalence of current tobacco smoking among people aged 15 years and above was 29% in 2013. The prevalence of tobacco smoking in 2013 among males (38.5%) was higher than that for females (20.7%). The highest and lowest national rates for smoking any tobacco product were 59.8% and 18.6% among males and 39.7% and 0.4% among females (see Fig. 2.3). These esti-mates are the highest of the six Regions of WHO.