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The higher the cotinine levels were in the mother's blood during pregnancy, the greater was the child's risk of developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) later in life, showed an epidemiological study conducted by the Research Centre for Child Psychiatry at the University of Turku in Finland. [...] smoking during pregnancy remains a significant public health issue. During 2017, approximately 12.5% of all pregnant women in Finland smoked during pregnancy and 7% continued to smoke throughout their pregnancy.

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Vaping was originally touted to smokers as a safer alternative to cigarettes, but for some teens it's becoming a new addiction.

For Isobel Casey, a Grade 11 student at Seycove Secondary in North Vancouver, the problem hits close to home.

"I have some really close friends who last year didn't touch [e-cigarettes], and now it's every hour," Casey said. "It used to just be some people but now you're seeing everyone get into it."

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Regular vaping among young people remains low in Britain and has plateaued among adults, an independent report led by researchers at King’s College London and commissioned by Public Health England (PHE) has found. The findings show that while experimentation with e-cigarettes among young people has increased in recent years, regular use remains low. Only 1.7% of under-18s use e-cigarettes weekly or more, and the vast majority of those also smoke. Among young people who have never smoked, only 0.2% use e-cigarettes regularly.

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New York City is about to make a decision that will resonate far beyond the five boroughs. In January, City Council Health Chair Mark Levine introduced Ordinance 1362, which would prohibit the sale of flavored e-cigarettes in the city.

“Vaping has reached epidemic levels among teens, with life-long implications for young people who become addicted to nicotine,” said Levine. “One of the tools the industry has used to draw in teenagers is candy flavors like chocolate mint, blueberry, or cherry crush. [...]

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Washington state lawmakers introduced legislation that would effectively make electronic cigarettes unaffordable for the vast majority of Evergreen State residents. HB 1863 would expand the definition of tobacco products to include e-cigarettes and vaping devices and apply a 95 percent tax on such products. Applying draconian taxes to tobacco harm reduction (THR) products would negatively impact public health and create an economic incentive for businesses to move from the Evergreen State.

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British American Tobacco’s (LSE: BATS) share price is trading at tempting levels right now. Its average price in February is over 30% lower than the highest price level seen in the past year. In my view, as a FTSE 100 company with a long history, robust financials and captive demand, it’s a no-brainer that the time is still ripe to buy its shares.

However, the big question in my mind when researching this stock was: how long should investors hold it for? [...]

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An expert pointed out how harmful so-called “heat-not-burn” cigarettes could be and offered tips for effective smoking cessation.

Kim Dae-jin, a professor at the psychiatry department at Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, said that the new type of tobacco, designed to reduce carcinogens and let users absorb nicotine only, has become another stumbling block for smoking cessation. [...] “Heat-not-burn cigarettes are similar to conventional ones in terms of nicotine addiction because they also deliver nicotine to the brain,” he said.

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The American Association of Pediatrics finally has something to say about e-cigarettes; unfortunately, it’s nothing good for the vaping community

Vaping continues to be an ample source of debate between public health officials, legislators, and parents. As soon as it became a national phenomenon, arguments over how and when to regulate e-cigarettes have gone back and forth with little sign of ending in sight. [...]

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We all know that smoking is bad for us. But how many of us know how bad it is for the planet?

From the moment its seeds go into the ground to the moment its dried and shredded leaves are set alight by the world's 1.1 billion smokers, tobacco leaves a trail of untold destruction. Researchers from Imperial College London found that the industry's annual carbon footprint is almost twice that of Wales.

"If we continue to grow tobacco crops to meet the demand, we'll have huge environmental degradation," Vinayak Prasad, [...]

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A basic principle of public health ethics is that we don't lie to people. Telling the truth is a critical component of the public health code of ethics. It is important not only because it is unethical to lie, but also because we greatly risk losing credibility and the public's trust if we are found to be lying. [...]

Therefore, it pains me today to have to report that the Pennsylvania Department of Health is urging parents to lie to their kids about e-cigarettes in order to dissuade them from vaping.

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People who smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day risk damage to their vision, a new study has shown. "Cigarette smoke consists of numerous compounds that are harmful to health. It has been linked to a reduction in the thickness of layers in the brain, and to brain lesions, involving areas such as the frontal lobe, which plays a role in voluntary movement and control of thinking, and a decrease in activity in the area of the brain that processes vision," said Steven Silverstein, director of research at Rutgers University's Behavioural Health Care unit.

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Switching to Juul e-cigarettes reduces smokers' risk to cigarette toxins at similar levels to quitting entirely, according to results from a clinical trial presented at a conference Saturday.

Researchers found switching entirely to Juul reduced smokers' exposure to biomarkers, or signals of exposure to cigarette smoking, 99.6 percent as much as abstaining entirely from cigarettes. [...] In the study presented Saturday, researchers tested 90 adult smokers for nine biomarkers associated with combustible cigarette smoke. [...]

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Some variations in the gene LPHN3 -associated with the attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in kids and adults- could favour likelihood to smoke, consume alcohol, cannabis and other addictive substances, according to an article [...]

The findings are based on the study of around 2,700 patients -children, adolescents and adults- from the United States, Colombia and Spain, and it will contribute to provide new genetic tools to improve prevention of addictive behaviours in people with ADHD.

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Vaping, the “safer” alternative to smoking, is leading to serious injuries from battery explosions, doctors have warned.

The devices use powerful lithium batteries to heat nicotine-laden fluids into a vapour that is inhaled.

However, a report in the British Medical Journal warns of a surge in “clinically significant blast injuries from exploding devices, chemical injuries from leakage of battery fluid and flame injuries from ignition of the lighter’s content”.

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Vaping and smoking have always been intrinsically intertwined, as modern e-cigarettes were only invented as a way to combat the ever-present tobacco epidemic. Despite this base connection, evidence shows that not only is vaping safer than smoking, but it’s approximately 95% safer, resulting in a 57,000 times lower excess lifetime cancer risk between demographically similar smokers and vapers. Making matters worse, Big Tobacco has been weaseling their way into the independent vaping market, [...]

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E-cigarette maker Juul Labs Inc’s revenue is expected to triple this year to about $3.4 billion following a profitable 2018, Bloomberg reported on Friday.

The vaping device maker revealed its first official growth figures last month, saying it made sales of over $1 billion in 2018, up from $200 million the year earlier. The soaring sales come even as a divisive debate rages on over e-cigarettes, which offer an alternative free of the cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarettes, but are often seen as spurring new nicotine addiction, especially among teens.

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According to the National Health Interview Survey, cigarette smoking among the American adults (aged ≥18 years) declined from 20.9% in 2005 to 15.5% in 2016. [...] The WHO report reveals that in 2015 there were 29 million fewer smokers compared with 2000. Still, some 1.1 billion people – 20% of the population over the age of 15- are active smokers.

Tommaso Di Giovanni, Director Global Communications, Philip Morris International has a similar point of view, as 'the World Health Organization acknowledges that this number is not going to decrease in the next decade, [...]

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Controversy is brewing in San Francisco this week as it was revealed that the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) accepted money from an e-cigarette company to sponsor its annual meeting which is being held this week. [...] Wait a minute. I apologize. I just received word that I got the story slightly wrong. GSK is indeed sponsoring the conference, but GSK doesn't stand for GreenSmokeKloud, it stands for GlaxoSmithKline, and it's not producing vaping products for smoking cessation, it's producing nicotine replacement products for smoking cessation. [...]

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Bad experiences with law enforcement are often cumulative: The more negative interactions one has with the police early in life, the higher one’s likelihood of being arrested later in life.

So what would happen if we banned a product from the market that is disproportionately used within black communities—particularly when we know that these communities are more likely to have harmful police encounters?

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A federal regulator on the Federal Communications Commission has weighed in on e-cigarettes, proposing significant federal overreach.

E-cigarettes are the public-health crisis du jour, and FCC Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel has vowed to take action by banishing e-cigarette advertising from radio and television airwaves. Yet by leveling the marketing playing field between cigarettes and e-cigarettes, the proposed ban not only represents agency overreach, it will likely hurt public health.